In remote areas like Seram Island in Maluku, energy needs are currently met mostly through diesel generators. But getting diesel to these areas is expensive, unreliable and risky. Renewable technologies such as solar and hydro energy make use of resources that exist on site, avoiding the need to constantly bring fuel in from outside. Thus they represent a more reliable and affordable option in the long term for remote areas.

In addition, fossil fuels like diesel generate greenhouse gas emissions when they are burned, contributing to harmful climate change. The dangerous effects of climate change are already being felt around the world with higher average temperatures, sea level rise and stronger and more frequent extreme weather events like storms and floods. Renewable energy sources like solar, hydro and wind generate no emissions when they produce electricity, so allow communities to meet their electricity needs while minimising their contribution to climate change. In 2014 the Government of Indonesia set itself the target of generating 23% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2025. NZMATES shares the Government of Indonesia's commitment to renewable energy.